- Epulis usually occurs on the dog's gum line, near the incisors.Dog Chewing Branch image by T^i^ from Fotolia.com
Dog epulis is a common, benign mouth tumor usually located on a dog's gum line near the incisors. Treatment of epulis requires surgical removal and sometimes radiation. Depending on the condition and age of the dog before surgery, the prognosis for a dog with epulis is usually good, according to the Pet Education website. However, the dog may need medication to cope with the aftereffects of surgery to remove epulis, according to the Vet Surgery Central website.
- The dog may experience pain after the epulis is surgically removed. Medication to control the pain includes narcotics such as tramadol, butorphanol and Duragesic, according to the Vet Surgery Central website. Some pain medication, such as such as Deramaxx, Rimadyl, Previcox or Etogesic, also includes anti-inflammatory properties.
- A common consequence of surgery in dogs is constipation. According to the Vet Surgery Central website, dogs may go four or five days without a bowel movement after surgery. To remedy this, your vet may prescribe a stool softener such as Metamucil, which can be mixed in the dog's food at a ratio of 1 teaspoon per 25 kilograms of canned food.
- The anesthetics administered during the epulis removal may cause vomiting, according to the Vet Surgery Central website. Anti-vomiting medications include metoclopramide and Cerenia. Stomach acidity, which may be a contributing factor to vomiting, can be controlled with Pepcid AC, administered at a ratio of 1/2 milligram per 1 kilogram of canned food.